期刊

节点文献

基于红外相机数据的甘肃盐池湾国家级自然保护区鸟兽生物多样性评估(英文)

【作者】 张成成王君Justine Shanti ALEXANDER窦志刚乌力吉董万涛达布西力特杨巨才时坤

【Author】 ZHANG Chengcheng;WANG Jun;Justine Shanti ALEXANDER;DOU Zhigang;WU Liji;DONG Wantao;Dabuxilite;YANG Jucai;SHI Kun;The Wildlife Institute,Beijing Forestry University;Faculty of Science and Engineering,Manchester Metropolitan University;Snow Leopard Trust;Administration of Yanchiwan National Nature Reserve;Eco-Bridge Continental;

【通讯作者】 时坤;

【机构】 北京林业大学野生动物研究所曼彻斯特城市大学科学与工程学院国际雪豹基金会甘肃盐池湾国家级自然保护区管理局北京市海淀区陆桥生态中心

【摘要】 红外相机在物种多样性监测中有着重要的应用。我们于2015年11月至2016年6月间,在盐池湾自然保护区雪豹(Panthera uncia)栖息地约400km2的范围内系统性地布置了62台自动红外相机,以期了解该地区的野生动物资源现状,估测该地区的鸟兽物种总丰富度,评估红外相机在该地区鸟兽调查监测中的应用效果,并对关键物种的栖息地利用及种间相互作用进行探究。调查共回收红外相机57台,累积相机工作日10171天,拍摄到野生动物有效独立事件2868次。记录到至少17种哺乳动物,分属5目11科,记录到20种鸟类,分属4目7科,其中豺(Cuon alpinus)为IUCN濒危物种,雪豹和白唇鹿(Cervus albirostris)为易危物种,兔狲(Felis manul)、香鼬(Mustela altaica)、高山兀鹫(Gyps himalayensis)和秃鹫(Aegypius monachus)为近危物种。使用Chao2和基于出现率的盖度估计(incidence-based coverage estimate,ICE)两个统计量进行物种总丰富度的非参数估计,并做物种稀疏曲线,对取样强度进行评估。结果表明红外相机对兽类和雉类物种的取样较为充分,而对鸟类的取样还不完全。使用占有率模型(occupancy modelling)对欧亚猞猁(Lynx lynx)及其潜在猎物物种的栖息地利用与种间相互作用进行分析。表明调查范围内,欧亚猞猁对栖息地的利用与海拔因素无关;高原兔(Lepus oiostolus)和高原山鹑(Perdix hodgsoniae)在栖息地利用上倾向于与欧亚猞猁相回避,而鼠兔(Ochotona spp.)对栖息地的利用则与欧亚猞猁相独立。

【Abstract】 Camera traps serve as an important tool for monitoring species diversity. We used data from camera traps set for capturing snow leopards(Panthera uncia) in the Yanchiwan National Nature Reserve,Gansu Province,China,to assess species richness with respect to mammal and birds species. We also assessed survey efficiency for species detection,and conducted an initial analysis of species interactions. The survey effort of 10,171 camera workdays yielded 2,868 suitable animal image events involving 17 mammal and 20 bird species. Among these,the dhole(Cuon alpinus) is considered to be Endangered,the snow leopard and white-lipped deer(Cervus albirostris) Vulnerable,and the Pallas’ s cat(Feli smanul),mountain weasel(Mustela altaica),Himalayan griffon(Gyps himalayensis) and cinereous vulture(Aegypius monachus) Near Threatened under the IUCN red list. Fourteen species were also listed as key protected wild animals according to China national standards. Both the rarefaction curves and richness estimators suggested our sampling for mammal and pheasant species is sufficient,while more survey efforts are still needed to detect other bird species. With a focus on the dominant species Eurasian lynx(Lynx lynx),occupancy models were used to estimate site use and detection probability for selected species,and to investigate predator-prey relationships between lynx on the one hand and woolly hare(Lepus oiostolus),pika(Ochotona spp.)and Tibetan partridge(Perdix hodgsoniae) on the other. We give recommendations on how to increase efficiency in camera-based species inventory and biodiversity monitoring.

【基金】 National Natural Science Foundation of China(31470567)
  • 【分类号】Q958;X36
  • 【被引频次】2
  • 【下载频次】307
节点文献中: